Have you wondered how big your dog is going to get? Or how often you should bathe your dog? Here are 15 Top Answers to your Questions about Dogs.
I have 2 new puppies a year apart. I had so many questions during this year.
One of my puppies would lay there and her legs would be spinning like she was on a fast run.
My other dogs nose always seemed so wet. And she liked to lick me!
So today I compiled the answer to some of your biggest questions.
1. How big your puppy is going to get?
I don’t know how many times I’ve asked this question to a veterinarian until one told me “Uhh, there’s no way to know that.
It’s the best guess for any veterinarian as it is for us as owners.” However, there are some rules so we can make a best guess.
The rule of thumb is an adult dog will weight about twice as much as they did at 4 months.
Large breeds (Great Danes, St. Bernards, etc) will double their weight at 5 months.
2.How to estimate a puppies size
The easiest way is to use some of the older veterinarian’s ways to compute the adult weight of your new puppy.
Toy to Small breeds – take their weight at 6 weeks X 4 = adult weight of your puppy.
Medium to Large Breeds – takes their weight at 14 weeks X 2.5 = adult weight.
Large to Giant Breeds – multiply weight at 16 weeks X 2 – adult weight.
Certain breeds can determine the adult size of a puppy.
For mixed breed puppies, most are not larger than their biggest mom or dad.
3. When should I have my puppy spayed/neutered?
A good age for spaying or neutering your pet is about six months. Some veterinarians now agree that dogs should go through their first heat, plus 3 months before being spayed. It’s always best to talk to your vet about your specific breed.
Spaying can help with many health issues. It might help to prevent cancer, reduces breast cancer and infections in the uterus.
Bonus: Some male dogs if neutered by six months will even learn not to raise their legs to go potty and will squat like their female counterparts.
Neutering helps prevent the potential of testicular cancer, reducing the risk of prostate cancer and cancer that forms around the rectal area of male pets.
The biggest benefit of neutering is the need to roam less or get involved in territorial fights.
4. Why is my dog always licking me?
Dogs like the taste of their skin! Sounds gross right? For dogs licking is a pleasurable activity that releases stress and shows their owners a sign of affection.
5. Why is my dog wagging its tail?
Dogs use their tails to communicate with their owners as well as other dogs.
It’s assumed that tail wagging means they are happy. Generally this is true, but they can also wag their tails to talk to other dogs.
6. Why does my dog twitch in his or her sleep?
Have you ever seen the dog that’s sleeping and their legs are twitching as if they are running a marathon? Just like us, dogs dream.
Dogs go through a REM sleep cycle, just like us. So in their dreams they really are running through that field, playing at the beach when they are sleeping.
7. Why do dogs like to eat grass?
It’s okay if they eat grass. Sometimes they eat grass because they have an upset tummy.
Other times they may be craving some nutrients that they are missing in their diets. If your dog has an increase of grass eating, you may need to check with a veterinarian for any underlying nutritional issues.
8. Why is my dogs nose wet?
Dogs regulate their bodies through their wet noses. Their noses also produce a thin layer of moisture to help them absorb scents. Licking their noses allows them to taste the scents.
9. What should I feed my puppy or dog?
A high-quality diet needed for growth and development of your puppy and for a happy, healthy adult.
There are many options available today.
Kibble – For the first year all puppies should be fed kibble. With all the varieties of dry dog food out there it can be a headache searching for them when there’s so many to choose from nowadays.
I always look for the AAFCO approved foods. Currently my puppies eat Wellness Complete foods.
She loves it. You want to see a dog scarf down their food with an excited and happy face, make them their own food.
It is possible to completely cook your dogs food. However, you’ll want to optimize your pets nutritional needs by supplementing with vitamins.
Raw feeding – My dogs love eating raw as much as they do having their meals cooked. I know that some people think it’s disgusting to feed a pet raw meat, but dogs are very similar to animals in the wild, wolves, etc. They’re okay with meat being cooked or raw.
It doesn’t matter if your dog is a brand new puppy, a dog with health conditions or a senior pet making your pet’s food is the healthiest option available.
Using a Veterinarian or Pet Nutritionist
You should always talk to your vet before switching from dry dog food to cooked food. Especially if there are dietary or food allergy restrictions. Here are some of my favorite recipes.
You’ll want to check with your veterinarian, but when feeding raw I recommend adding supplements.
If I’m in a crunch, I will use frozen unthawed vegetables.
Plain table food, scraps, and cat food are not adequate to maintain the long-term health of your canine companion.
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10. How often should I bathe my dog?
Bathing and general grooming are important for a great looking coat and skin health.
How often to bathe will depend on coat length and type, your pets activity level, the environment, and your pets overall health.
Whenever you want your buddy to be clean and smell fresh, have them hop into the tub. You’ll want to be careful not to use harsh or drying products when bathing. These can cause dry, flaky, or itchy skin.
This is my favorite shampoo and conditioner that my mom uses on me:
I generally make my own Shampoo and Conditioner. Click here for the recipe.
However, if I’m in a pinch, I love these Shampoos and Conditioners for dogs. It leaves Ruby’s hair soft, silly and shiny.
11. How can I trim my dog’s toenails?
It’s best to train your dog to sit still for nail trimming from as early an age as possible. In the beginning, I do this on a regular basis.
I always make it a happy experience. I offer lots of praise and their favorite treats when sitting for a nail trim.
If you start this they get used to having their toes and nails touched. This makes it a lot easier as your pet gets older.
Always invest in a good nail trimmer. Dog and cat nails contain nerves and blood vessels called the “quick.”
In lighter colored nails the quick is visible as a thin pink line. It’s hard with black nails so you’ll want to trim tiny pieces at a time from the end of the nail. Hitting the quick is painful for your pet.
You can buy styptic powder to put on the nails if you hit the nails too short and they bleed.
If you’re uncomfortable, have a groomer trim your pet’s nails.
12. What vaccines does my puppy or dog need and how often?
Vaccines protect against illnesses.
They help protect against fatal diseases plus keep your pet happy and healthy.
The following vaccines are normal vaccines your pet will receive in your veterinarian’s office.
These vaccines are recommended and can prevent very serious diseases:
Distemper/Parvo Combination: This vaccine protects against several fatal diseases.
Rabies: This disease is fatal for all mammals, including humans.
Bordetella:( Kennel Cough): This vaccine helps prevent or reduce the severity of this serious respiratory infection that can lead to pneumonia.
Corona Virus: This is an intestinal virus that can cause serious disease.
Lyme Disease: This is the same tick-borne disease that can infect humans.
Young puppies are given several sets of vaccination boosters to give them with as much protection as possible.
13. My dog has fleas, what should I do?
Oh, I feel you. Why is it that some flea seasons worse than others?
I like to start a complete flea control program as early as possible. I use diatomaceous earth around my yard several times a month. It’s effective in controlling fleas in the yard. Click here to see how I use diatomaceous earth.
Fleas live by sucking the blood of your pets and you.
Fleas cause anemia, skin allergies, spread disease, and transmit tapeworms. Yuck!
When starting an effective flea program you have to address 3 points:
Treat the house and car if they have been going for rides with you
Start by vacuuming the entire house or car. Be sure to get everywhere, under furniture, lifting cushion, etc.
Throw out the bag or empty the bagless into a separate bag that gets closed and taken to the garbage to stop fleas from crawling back out.
When you’re done vacuuming, use professional bombs. Take your pets out of the house according to the manufacturer’s directions when setting off bombs.
Treat all areas of the house, even the areas your pets have not frequented. not in.
I run the vacuum over everything one more time after the bombs have been set, and the house aired out from the bombs.
Treat the yard.
Treat the yard with professional flea spray and follow the label directions.
Be sure to treat areas where your pet spends time, including decks or dog houses. Fleas like to hide in bark dust and leaf litter.
Repeat everything every 2 weeks for a month. This picks up the fleas that have now hatched.
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14. What can I use for my dog’s dry skin?
This is no easy answer because it depends on what’s causing the dry skin.
You may need to consider a veterinary examination to make sure your pet is not suffering from a medical condition that may require specialized treatment.
For mild “dandruff” there are several steps that may help:
Diet influences overall health, skin and coat condition.
Premium diets contain specific, balanced, fatty acids ratios that will improve skin conditions to help reduce dry skin.
Always use mild grooming products, applying both shampoo and condition.
Don’t over bathe, this causes significant skin dryness. Sometimes, a shampoo that loosens excess skin flakes may be necessary.
Brushing and coat trim may help. You may notice dandruff for a few days after grooming because bathing and brushing, loosens surface skin flakes.
15. My dog is shedding, what should I do?
Shedding is normal for most breeds. There are a few breeds such as Poodles, Golden doodles that do not shed as much.
Shedding increases in spring and fall. It can also increase with stress or illness.
Consistent brushing and grooming can reduce the hair your pet leaves on furniture and on you.
There are coat products that may be effective in reducing shedding.
If the problem continues, there are medical conditions that can increase shedding so see your vet.
What can I use to stop my dog from itching?
It depends on why your pet is itchy. Many skin conditions cause itching and scratching.
Fleas, dry skin or pets coats which need grooming are the common reasons for dry itchy skin. However, if your pet has skin redness, sores, or scabs you’ll want to consider a veterinary exam.
Always use a mild shampoo and conditioners. Click here to learn how to make your own dog shampoo